Romans 1:4
The Gospel's Content:

The Dual Nature of Christ;
The Deity or Power of Christ Seen in His Resurrection

Marrieds with a Ministry Sunday School Class
Two Rivers Baptist Church
Nashville, TN, USA

For Sunday, 09 December 2001

Handout: Romans 1:4


Red: question for class

Bright blue: word from text of Scripture (to be defined)

Green: on hand-out

Ink: words to be filled in on hand-out


Was Jesus

  1. Part human and part God?
  2. A man who became God?
  3. God in human form?
  4. Both fully human and fully God?

Sign up Now! Why is this important? Divine: else we worship an idol. Human: else He cannot represent us as the second Adam.

How does Jesus' resurrection attest to His deity and all-powerfulness? Acts 15:32-37, 17:30-31

  1. His (holy) life, (atoning) death, and resurrection (to a glorified state) fulfill the direct Psa. 16:9-10 and typical1 Messianic prophecies
  2. He is the only person so far raised to a glorified state.
  3. He is the only person so far raised without human mediation of the miracle.2
  4. He is the only head of a religion to rise from the dead.

Alternative interpretation: "instated as the Son of God with power." Jesus entered a new phase of His Messiahship at His resurrection3, one in which He is given His kingdom for the first time as the incarnate Son. He was appointed Sovereign Son at and through His resurrection.4 Matt. 28:18

If He had not been killed, He would have remained in His state of fleshly weakness. The crucifixion provided the opportunity for His glorification.5 This glorification is "according to the Spirit of Holiness" - the Holy Spirit is the breath of life.

Alt 2: "by resurrection of the dead (ones)." Matt. 27:51-54 Many dead people sprang to life at the moment of Christ's death - wherein we see Him as the Omnipotent One.6

He now has all power - including over sin and death.

How does Jesus use the power He was given through His resurrection? The gospel is the power of God unto salvation. 1:18 He uses it to raise our dead spirits to life, and to transform us into His image. He gives the Holy Spirit. John 15:26, 16:7

Jesus Christ our Lord--named with that full title 10 times in Romans.7


Savior, Joshua, "fixes his historical identity"8

  • Matt. 1:21
    • SAVE: deliver, heal, make whole. Why "deliver"? sozo (sode'-zo) From a primary word meaning "to save, that is, deliver or protect (literally or figuratively):--heal, preserve, save (self), do well, be (make) whole."9
    • HIS PEOPLE: a specific subset of humanity
    • SINS: Law breaking. hamartia (ham-ar-tee'-ah) offence, sin.10
  • Luke 19:10
    • SEEK: Note Whom the seeker is.
    • SAVE: Same as above.
    • LOST: "Destroyed away" or "ruined away"; can imply "dead." apollumi (ap-ol'-loo-mee) "to destroy fully (reflexively to perish, or lose), literally or figuratively:-destroy, die, lose, mar, perish."11

Messiah: Anointed One - be careful with word "anointed"

  • Connects Him with all the Old Testament prophecies
  • "Points to his official work"12 on our behalf

All believers': Paul's, the Jews', the Greeks', the Barbarians'


kyrios: Reigning One; all authority; sovereignty. "Owner, ruler, provider"13

Great Bible study software:

David J. Finnamore
Orlando, FL