Romans 1:1-7, Part II:
Bright blue: word from text of Scripture (to be defined)
Green: on hand-out
Ink: words to be filled in on hand-out
Romans was written to address conflict between Jewish and Gentile Christians. The Roman church had a mix of Jews, Greeks, Barbarians - all races and social classes.
Paul has the darnedest way of introducing himself. There's more great content in his greeting than in many sermons.
In the first sentence, Paul accomplishes several things at once:
All the while he's introducing himself to them, he maintains his focus on God.
To: all of you at Rome whom God in His love has chosen to call to be holy ones.
Jesus Christ, who called you, also called me. He who is your Lord is also my Lord. He called you to be his holy ones. He called me to be his apostle with the special mission of delivering His gospel to the Gentiles. My service to our Lord is to make sure you understand His Gospel. It is about his incarnation, holy life, death, resurrection, and reign. It was promised and fulfilled through the Jews, but it is to people of all ethnicities. He sent us on the mission to take His gospel to people of all races and social classes.
Paul's assessment of the nature of their conflict: the problem is you don't have the gospel right.
Paul tells us what the gospel is and, by implication, what it isn't.
|1||of God||of man, not even the church|
|2||promised by God the Father||new to the New Testament|
|3||about God's Son||about our experience|
|4||by the power of God's Spirit||by clever techniques, programs, or methods|
|5a||ordained by God||the power of persuasion|
|5b||for the glory of God||for meeting our needs|
|6||accomplished by God||dependent on man|
|7||because of the love of God||because of our goodness|
In this one remarkable sentence, Paul not only succeeds at the four things mentioned under I. above, but alludes to at least 16 major Christian doctrines, including the Five Solas of the Reformation!
|1||called||Divine Vocation / Sovereignty|
|2||prophets / Scripture||Authority of Scripture - Sola Scriptura|
|3||His Son||Deity of Jesus Christ - Solus Christus|
|3||seed of David||Humanity of Jesus Christ|
|4||spirit of holiness||role of Holy Spirit|
|1-4||God, Son, Spirit||Trinity|
|4||Lord||Lordship of Christ|
|5||obedience of faith||Salvation by faith - Sola fide|
|5||among the nations (ethnos - Gentiles)||Worldwide scope of God's redemptive plan|
|5||for His name['s sake]||The purpose of God's redemptive plan - Soli Deo Gloria|
|6-7||called...beloved of God, called||Election - Sola gratia|
Now that's a fine "Howdy-do"!